Analysis of EcoSystem's Miracle Mud
Due to all of the controversy flying around about EcoSystem's Miracle Mud, both Inland Reef (a Nashua, NH based LFS and sponsor of ) and Lars Sebralla (a German hobbyist) performed independent elemental analyses of the product in question. Inland Reef used Northern Analytical Laboratory based out of Merrimack, NH to perform Glow Discharge Mass Spectometry to analyze a sample of Miracle Mud. According to N.A.L.:
- "GDMS is the most comprehensive and sensitive technique available for the analysis of solids. .... It is amenable to solids, powders, crystals, wafers, and many other sample forms. Its elemental coverage encompasses lithium through uranium with the ability to determine impurity levels from the sub-ppb range to the percent level. GDMS advantages include total elemental coverage, high precision, low detection limits, quantitative accuracy (+25% on average), without the use of standards and its high resolution capabilities eliminate most spectral interferences."
Lars Sebralla employed X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry to analyze their sample of Miracle Mud. According to Lars, the sample was washed three times with DI water, heated to 105°C and then analyzed by their laboratory.
Results (compiled table courtesy of Inland Reef)
NOTE: All data presented in ppm (parts-per-million)
|Lars Sebralla||Inland Reef|
|Phosphorus||4,621 (as PO 4 )||600|
|Silicon||262,578 (as SiO 2 )||approx. 300,000|
As can be seen, there is a large amount of Aluminum (~70,000 ppm), Calcium (~40,000 ppm), Iron (~40,000 ppm), Magnesium (~20,000 ppm), Silicon (~300,000 ppm), and Sodium (~10,000 ppm).
To quote Inland Reef:
"The analysis indicates that Miracle Mud is 30% silicon. This mostly likely exists in Miracle Mud as silicon dioxide, which is found in nature as quartz. As pointed out by Randy Holmes-Farley [a contributing author to Advanced Aquarist ], the molecular weight of silicon makes up less than half the molecular weight of silicon dioxide. So if the silicon present is all in the form of silicon dioxide, Miracle Mud is more than 63% quartz."
What is also suprising is that there is almost 40,000 ppm iron (almost 4%) in the samples. What is the need for iron in a marine substrate???
In addition to having the substrate analyzed via GDMS, photomicrographs of the substrate were taken using a Nikon microscope at 40x using a Fuji 1.5 megapixel camera. Visual evaluation of the photomicrographs seems to support the supposition that the product could be heavily laden with quartz crystals.
Last modified 2006-11-24 22:25